Types of Behavioral Management


There are two behavioral management models that are commonly used in facilitating children with special needs.  The Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT).

The Applied Behavior Analysis or ABA technique addresses specific and immediate behavioral issues. On the other hand, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT  takes a much broader approach to encourage wholesome and lasting development in the patient.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps people learn how to identify and change destructive or disturbing thought patterns. It focuses on changing the automatic negative thoughts that can contribute to and worsen emotional difficulties, depression, and anxiety.

These spontaneous negative thoughts have an influence on a person’s behavior and emotions. With the help of CBT, these thoughts are identified, challenged, and replaced with more objective and realistic thoughts.

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a common treatment recommendation for children diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. It’s an evidence-based treatment and known to be useful and effective in serving children with special needs. The basic concept of ABA is that behavior must be the focus when working with patients to improve specific behaviors such as social interaction, motor skills, and dexterity.

An ABA program must be customized to each learner’s skills, needs, interests, preferences, and family situation.  Therapist will start by doing a detailed assessment of each person’s skills and preferences, and use this to write specific treatment goals.