What is Autism? – Cognitive Development Learning Centre

What is Autism?

ASD – Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism or ASD is a broad range of development disorder characterized by difficulties in socialization and communication and restricted/ repetitive pattern of behavior and interest.

Autism appears to have it’s roots in very early brain development and the most obvious signs and symptoms of autism emerge between 2 and 3 years of age.


Examples of ASD:

  • Autism
  • Childhood disintegrative Disorder (CDD)
  • Aspergers Syndrome
  • Pervasive Development Disorder – Non Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

Research has made clear that high-quality early intervention can enhance your child’s learning, communication, and social skills.

Signs of Autism

The signs and symptoms of autism in children can be categorized in three and each category corresponds to a different type of treatment.

Communication and Speech

  • Speech delay
  • Rarely speaks or does not speak
  • Repeat words and phrases heard previously
  • Does not share meaningful conversations
  • Does not engage in reciprocal communication
  • Does not maintain eye contact when communicating
  • Hums or babbles a lot


  • Weak Phonetics Skills
  • Weak in applying concepts taught in mainstream school
  • Weak in solving Math problems
  • Weak in Comprehension


  • Displays attachment to routine
  • displays excessive anger when routines are changed
  • tendency to flap fingers, hands, rock their bodies excessively
  • looks at things from the corners of their eyes
  • Lacks the display of emotions
  • Often pre-occupied with arranging toys in the same pattern
  • Often plays alone despite having peers
  • Limited interest in patterns

How to treat Autism?

Because there’s no consensus explanation for what causes Autism, there is no widely accepted medical treatment for Autism yet. However there are other effective ways that can help your child.

Is your child showing signs of Autism? Have your child diagnosed and customize program that is best suited for their needs.